This website shows images and video of the Arabic letters. It has two sections, one with the Arabic letters in their independent, unconnected forms, and a second showing the letters in all of their various connected forms. Both sections offer videos that show a calligrapher writing out each form of each letter. Videos of the connected letters include words that demonstrate the initial, medial, and final positions of each letter.
In this packet we look at works that span nearly a thousand yearsäóîfrom shortly after the foundation of Islam in the seventh century to the seventeenth century when the last two great Islamic empiresäóîthe Ottoman and the Safavidäóîhad reached their peak. Although the definition of Islamic art usually includes work made in Mughal India, it is beyond the scope of this packet. The works we will look at here come from as far west as Spain and as far east as Afghanistan.