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فن التقريب في العلوم والهندسة: كيف تخرج بالإجابات سريعاً؟
Conditions of Use:
يمكن إعادة ترتيب المحتوى ومشاركته
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الغرض من هذا الفيديو التعليمي هو أن يرى الطلاب كيفية التفكير بتحرر أكبر حول مسائل الرياضيات والعلوم. فأحياناً يكون الحصول على إجابة تقريبية في مدة زمنية أقصر بكثير هو أمر يستحق الوقت الذي تم ادخاره. ويستكشف هذا الفيديو آليات لعمل حسابات تقريبية سريعة وارتجالية، وليست فقط دقيقة على نحو مدهش وإنما أيضاً منيرة لبناء الحدس والبديهة في فهم العلوم. ويتطرق هذا الفيديو إلى الجبر 1 الخاص بالصف العاشر وكذلك إلى فيزياء أولى ثانوي، إلا أن المفاهيم التي يغطيها (السرعة، المسافة، الكتلة، إلخ) أساسية بشكل كافي ليفهمها الطلاب الأصغر سناً الذين لديهم معرفة بالعلوم. وفي حالة الرغبة، يمكن للمعلمين أن يحضروا بندولات ذات أطوال مختلفة، وأثقال للتعليق، وساعة مؤقت لقياس المدة الزمنية. ومن الأمثلة على أنواع التمارين داخل الفصل المدرسي خلال الفترات الفاصلة بين مقاطع الفيديو، أن: تطلب من الطلاب تقدير حاصل ضرب 29 x 31 دون آلة حاسبة أو ورقة وقلم؛ وكذلك تسأل الطلاب عن المقدار الذي يستطيعون فيه الاقتراب من الثقب الأسود دون أن يبتلعهم.

نوع المادة:
Lecture
Provider:
MIT
Provider Set:
أزهار معهد ماساتشوستس للتكنولوجيا MIT
المؤلف:
Stephen M. Hou
Date Added:
06/02/2015
The Art of Approximation in Science and Engineering: How to Whip Out Answers Quickly
Conditions of Use:
Remix and Share
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The purpose of this learning video is to show students how to think more freely about math and science problems. Sometimes getting an approximate answer in a much shorter period of time is well worth the time saved. This video explores techniques for making quick, back-of-the-envelope approximations that are not only surprisingly accurate, but are also illuminating for building intuition in understanding science. This video touches upon 10th-grade level Algebra I and first-year high school physics, but the concepts covered (velocity, distance, mass, etc) are basic enough that science-oriented younger students would understand. If desired, teachers may bring in pendula of various lengths, weights to hang, and a stopwatch to measure period. Examples of in- class exercises for between the video segments include: asking students to estimate 29 x 31 without a calculator or paper and pencil; and asking students how close they can get to a black hole without getting sucked in.

Material Type:
Lecture
Provider:
MIT Learning International Networks Consortium
Provider Set:
M.I.T. Blossoms
Author:
Stephen M. Hou
Date Added:
06/02/2012
Estimating Length Using Scientific Notation
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This lesson unit is intended to help teachers assess how well students are able to: estimate lengths of everyday objects; convert between decimal and scientific notation; and make comparisons of the size of numbers expressed in both decimal and scientific notation.

Material Type:
Assessment
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Shell Center for Mathematical Education
U.C. Berkeley
Provider Set:
Mathematics Assessment Project (MAP)
Mathematics Assessment Project (MAP)
Date Added:
04/26/2013
Estimations and Approximations: The Money Munchers
Rating

This lesson unit is intended to help you assess how well students are able to: Model a situation; make sensible, realistic assumptions and estimates; and use assumptions and estimates to create a chain of reasoning, in order to solve a practical problem.

Material Type:
Assessment
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Shell Center for Mathematical Education
U.C. Berkeley
Provider Set:
Mathematics Assessment Project (MAP)
Mathematics Assessment Project (MAP)
Date Added:
04/26/2013
Mathematical Practice 6: Attend to Precision
Conditions of Use:
Read the Fine Print
Rating

At Inside Mathematics, we’ve assembled multiple ways for educators to begin to transform their teaching practices. You might be in search of materials and tasks you can use immediately with your students; you can search by grade level and content area below to find core mathematical principles as well as materials developed by the Mathematics Assessment Resource Service (MARS). If you want to develop your understanding of the national Common Core Standards for Mathematical Practice #6, look here.

Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
Maryland Public Television
Noyce Foundation
Provider Set:
Mathlanding: Elementary Mathematics Pathway
Inside Mathematics
Author:
Individual Authors
Noyce Foundation
Shell Centre
The Charles A. Dana Center at The University of Texas in Austin
Date Added:
11/05/2012
Stride Ruler
Conditions of Use:
Remix and Share
Rating

In this activity, learners use their feet to estimate distances. Learners calculate the distance of one step in centimeters by measuring 10 steps at a time to reduce measurement error. Learners can use their stride ruler to measure the distance between different points on the playground as an extension activity.

Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
Exploratorium
Author:
Don Rathjen
Exploratorium
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation
National Science Foundation
The Exploratorium
Date Added:
10/31/2010