This is a comprehensive math textbook for Grade 11. It can be downloaded, read on-line on a mobile phone, computer or iPad. Every chapter has links to on-line video lessons and explanations. Summary presentations at the end of each chapter offer an overview of the content covered, with key points highlighted for easy revision. Topics covered are: language of mathematics, exponents, surds, error margins, quadratic sequences, finance, quadratic equations, quadratic inequalities, simultaneous equations, mathematical models, quadratic functions and graphs, hyperbolic functions and graphs, exponential functions and graphs, gradient at point, linear programming, geometry, trigonometry, statistics, independent variables, dependent events. This book is based upon the original Free High School Science Text series.
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This survey chemistry course is designed to introduce students to the world of chemistry. In this course, we will study chemistry from the ground up, learning the basics of the atom and its behavior. We will apply this knowledge to understand the chemical properties of matter and the changes and reactions that take place in all types of matter. Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to: Define the general term 'chemistry.' Distinguish between the physical and chemical properties of matter. Distinguish between mixtures and pure substances. Describe the arrangement of the periodic table. Perform mathematical operations involving significant figures. Convert measurements into scientific notation. Explain the law of conservation of mass, the law of definite composition, and the law of multiple proportions. Summarize the essential points of Dalton's atomic theory. Define the term 'atom.' Describe electron configurations. Draw Lewis structures for molecules. Name ionic and covalent compounds using the rules for nomenclature of inorganic compounds. Explain the relationship between enthalpy change and a reaction's tendency to occur. (Chemistry 101; See also: Biology 105. Mechanical Engineering 004)
Grammar Lessons with English Translation is a webpage that functions as a virtual textbook, with twelve Arabic grammar chapters. The chapters cover all the elements of Arabic grammar and have titles such as 'The Words', 'The Letter', 'States of the Noun', 'The Verb', 'Nominal Sentence', and 'Verbal Sentence.' Under each topic, there are several lessons. All the titles and lessons are available in Arabic and in English.
Saaid Al Fawaed or 'Grasp the Benefits' is an Islamic library that contains many books related to the explanation of the Holy Qur'an, the Prophet Muhammad, and more. A special section has been created on this website for the Arabic language. Here, the user can find grammar books, how-to-read books, dictionaries, and more. The site and its contents are entirely in Arabic.
This course will introduce the student to the history of the Middle East from the rise of Islam to the twenty-first century. The course will emphasize the encounters and exchanges between the Islamic world and the West. By the end of the course, the student will understand how Islam became a sophisticated and far-reaching civilization and how conflicts with the West shaped the development of the Middle East from the medieval period to the present day. Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to: identify and describe the nature of pre-Islamic society, culture, and religion. They will also be able to describe the subsequent rise of the prophet Muhammad and his monotheistic religion, Islam; identify and describe the elements of Islamic law, religious texts and practices, and belief systems; identify and describe the rise of the Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties in the Middle East. Students will also be able to compare and contrast the two empires; identify and describe the emergence of the Umayyad dynasty in Spain. Students will also be able to analyze the conflicts between Muslims and Christians on the Iberian Peninsula; identify and describe the Crusades. They will be able to describe both Muslim and Christian perceptions of the holy wars; identify and describe the impact of the Mongol invasions on the Middle East; compare and contrast the Ottoman and Safavid empires; analyze the decline of the Ottoman Empire and the beginning of European imperialism/domination of the Middle East in the 1800s; identify and describe how and why European powers garnered increased spheres of influence after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the end of World War I; analyze and describe the rise of resistance and independence movements in the Middle East; identify and describe the rise of Islamic nationalism and the emergence of violent anti-Western sentiment; analyze (and synthesize) the relationship between the Middle East and the West between the 600s and the present day; analyze and interpret primary source documents that elucidate the exchanges and conflicts between the Islamic world and the West over time. (History 351)
CK-12 Life Science Honors For Middle School covers seven units: Understanding Living Things; Cells: The Building Blocks of Life; Genetics and Evolution; Prokaryotes, Protists, Fungi, and Plants; The Animal Kingdom; The Human Body; and Ecology.
A collaboration between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the CK-12 Foundation, this book provides high school mathematics and physics teachers with an introduction to the main principles of modeling and simulation used in science and engineering. An appendix of lesson plans is included.
This information is about Arabic grammar prepared for Arabic middle schools, although the grammatical concepts covered can be quite complicated, including advanced concepts such as diptotes. There are fifteen chapters that each concentrate on a specific concept about Arabic grammar. Each chapter starts with the objectives behind the lesson and includes examples and exercises that come directly from the Qur'an. The book is entirely in Arabic.
This course will introduce the student to the history of Central Eurasia and the Silk Road from 4500 B.C.E to the nineteenth century. The student will learn about the culture of the nomadic peoples of Central Eurasia as well as the development of the Silk Road. By the end of the course, the student will understand how the Silk Road influenced the development of nomadic societies in Central Eurasia as well as powerful empires in China, the Middle East, and Europe. Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to: identify and describe the emergence of early nomadic cultures in Central Eurasia; identify and describe the rise of silk production in China; identify and describe the various routes of the Silk Road; identify and describe the reasons for China's opening of the Silk Road in the second century; identify and describe Han China's political and commercial relationships with nomadic tribes in Central Eurasia; identify and describe the impact of the Hellenistic World and the Roman Empire on the Silk Road; describe and analyze the 'golden age' of the Silk Road; identify and describe the impact of the Mongol Empire on Silk Road cultures; identify and describe the transmission of art, religion, and technology via the Silk Road; analyze and describe the arrival of European traders and explorers seeking a 'new' silk route in the 1400s; identify and describe the 'Great Game' rivalry between China, Britain, and Russia in Central Eurasia in the nineteenth century; analyze and interpret primary source documents that elucidate political, economic, and cultural exchange along the Silk Road. (History 341)
This course is designed to introduce the student to the study of Calculus through concrete applications. Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to: Define and identify functions; Define and identify the domain, range, and graph of a function; Define and identify one-to-one, onto, and linear functions; Analyze and graph transformations of functions, such as shifts and dilations, and compositions of functions; Characterize, compute, and graph inverse functions; Graph and describe exponential and logarithmic functions; Define and calculate limits and one-sided limits; Identify vertical asymptotes; Define continuity and determine whether a function is continuous; State and apply the Intermediate Value Theorem; State the Squeeze Theorem and use it to calculate limits; Calculate limits at infinity and identify horizontal asymptotes; Calculate limits of rational and radical functions; State the epsilon-delta definition of a limit and use it in simple situations to show a limit exists; Draw a diagram to explain the tangent-line problem; State several different versions of the limit definition of the derivative, and use multiple notations for the derivative; Understand the derivative as a rate of change, and give some examples of its application, such as velocity; Calculate simple derivatives using the limit definition; Use the power, product, quotient, and chain rules to calculate derivatives; Use implicit differentiation to find derivatives; Find derivatives of inverse functions; Find derivatives of trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic, and inverse trigonometric functions; Solve problems involving rectilinear motion using derivatives; Solve problems involving related rates; Define local and absolute extrema; Use critical points to find local extrema; Use the first and second derivative tests to find intervals of increase and decrease and to find information about concavity and inflection points; Sketch functions using information from the first and second derivative tests; Use the first and second derivative tests to solve optimization (maximum/minimum value) problems; State and apply Rolle's Theorem and the Mean Value Theorem; Explain the meaning of linear approximations and differentials with a sketch; Use linear approximation to solve problems in applications; State and apply L'Hopital's Rule for indeterminate forms; Explain Newton's method using an illustration; Execute several steps of Newton's method and use it to approximate solutions to a root-finding problem; Define antiderivatives and the indefinite integral; State the properties of the indefinite integral; Relate the definite integral to the initial value problem and the area problem; Set up and calculate a Riemann sum; Estimate the area under a curve numerically using the Midpoint Rule; State the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus and use it to calculate definite integrals; State and apply basic properties of the definite integral; Use substitution to compute definite integrals. (Mathematics 101; See also: Biology 103, Chemistry 003, Computer Science 103, Economics 103, Mechanical Engineering 001)
The Summary of Arabic Language Grammar is a book that discusses all the rules governing the Arabic Language. The book contains 60 chapters; each one of them explains a particular grammatical concept. For each topic, several examples are given to clarify it. The book is entirely in Arabic and is made available via the Syrian Story website.
CK-12 Foundation's Trigonometry FlexBook is an introduction to trigonometry for the high school student. Topics include: Trigonometric Identities & Equations, Circular Functions, and Polar Equations & Complex Numbers.
CK-12's Texas Instruments Trigonometry Student Edition Flexbook is a helpful companion to a trigonometry course, providing students with more ways to understand basic trigonometric concepts through supplementary exercises and explanations.
CK-12's Texas Instruments Trigonometry Teacher's Edition Flexbook is a helpful companion to a trigonometry course, providing students with more ways to understand basic trigonometric concepts through supplementary exercises and explanations.
CK-12 Trigonometry Teacher's Edition provides tips and common errors for teaching CK-12 Trigonometry Student Edition. The solution and assessment guides are available upon request.
Wireless Networking in the Developing World is a free book about designing, implementing, and maintaining low-cost wireless networks.
This book is a practical guide to designing and building wireless networks in local communities, enhancing lives through improved communication, access to information for educational, social and economic growth. Its primary goal is to help expand access to the Internet and to expand the deployment of community networks where there is currently no infrastructure to enable this to happen. Written by subject matter experts who have vast experience in deploying wireless networks in the field and connecting communities to the global Internet.
You can find the latest edition of the Wireless Networking in the Developing World available on-screen and for download.
Writing Commons aspires to be a community for writers, a creative learning space for students in courses that require college-level writing, a creative, interactive space for teachers to share resources and pedagogy. Our primary goal is to provide the resources and community students need to improve their writing, particularly students enrolled in courses that require college-level writing. As mentioned in 'About Us', we believe learning materials should be free for all students and teachers part of the cultural commons. Hence, we provide free access to an award-winning, college textbook that was published by a major publisher and awarded the Distinguished Book Award by Computers and Composition: an International Journal.